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1370s

1370

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January

A major chevauchee is organized, to be headed by Robert Knollys. As some English lords were horrified by the thought of serving under "the old bandit" they either did not participate or went off on their own. Knollys strikes for Paris. The French continue to refuse battle and eventually the English leave in disgust.

Bertrand du Gesclin is made Constable of France.

Froissart begins his Chronicles

February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October Edward, Prince of Wales, in a litter, commands the retaking of Limouges and the sack of the city.
November
December

1371

January On advice from his surgeon, Edward the prince returns to England; John of Ghent is left in charge of Acquitaine; the English command becomes fragmented. Charles V and Charles of Navarre come to terms

In the winter, Edward III's sons, John of Ghent and Edmund of Langley marry the daughters and heiresses of Pedro of Castile. John begins to call himself "the rightful king of Castile."

February
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November
December

1372

January English fortunes wane. The defense of Acquitaine falls on Captal de Buch until he is captured in a skirmish near Soubise. The French raid southern England. Poitiers opens its gates to du Gesclin and the rest of Poitou soon follows.
February
March
April
May
June 22: A Castillan-French fleet defeats an English re-inforcement fleet off la Rochelle. As a result, the mayor of La Rochelle overpowers then garrison and admits French troops.
July
August Edward III and the prince of Wales sail with an army but contrary winds hold them back for six weeks until the sailors despair and put back to port.
September
October Edward the prince resigns the principality of Acquitaine and retires to his castle at Berkamsted
November
December

1373

January

In mid-summer, a chevauchee under John of Ghent, the Duke of lancaster, travels from Calais to Bordeaux. A French army hovers about the route across the heart of France, cutting off stragglers but avoiding battle.

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December

1374

January
February
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December

1375

January Lancaster and du Gesclin agree to a truce in Acquitaine
February
March
April John, Duke of Lancaster disbands the army, unable to pay them.
May
June A further truce to last two years and covering all of France is agreed to in principal. A peace council begins to meet in Brussels
July
August
September
October
November
December

1376

January Edward of Woodstock, the Prince of Wales, dies
February
March
April 28: the Good Parliament opens
May
June
July The Good Parliament closes. Latimer, Lyons, Perrers and others impeached
August
September
October
November
December

1377

January In celebration of Edward III's jubilee, a pardon and amnesty is issued for many minor offenders and debtors; Latimer and Lyons names are on the list. The peace council is still meeting in Brussels
February The trial of John Wycliffe is broken up in disorder and Wycliffe goes free.
March
April
May
June Ships of a Castillan-French fleet sack Rye, raid and burn Lewes, then sail on to burn Portsmouth.

21: Edward III dies

22: Richard of Bordeaux is crowned. A minority council is appointed.

July
August The French fleet returns and burns Hastings but is beaten off at Southampton and Poole.
September
October
November
December

1378

January Urban VI is elected pope in Rome and Clement VII is installed as pope in Avignon at the invitation of Charles V; the great papal Schism has begun.

Two of Charles of Navarre's agents are unmasked in a plot to poison Charles V. Afterwards Constable du Gesclin invades Navarre's last possession in Normandy. Navarre sells Cherbourg to the English and flees back to the Pyrennes. The English rush to garrison Cherbourg.

February
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November
December

1379

January Parliament imposes a graduated poll tax.

Lord Neville of Raby Lieutenant of Acquitaine, arrives in Bordeaux and begins raiding in the style of the French. He sails up the Gironde and captures Mortagne.

Count Louis de Malle begins his war with the weavers of Ghent.

February
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April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November War subsidies in Acquitaine are cut to £500 per annum.
December
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