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1340s

1340

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January

The Anglo-Flemish alliance is proclaimed; Edward leaves Antwerp for England

25: Edward III assumes the title "king of England and France"

In the autumn, the Scots drive Balliol out again

Edward and Parliament have a stormy relationship that comes to a head after his return to England and his sacking of his ministers. Eventually, Edward agrees that only Parliament can impose taxes and has the right to audit the king's accounts; that peers can only be arrested, judged, or outlawed by full parliament; and that all royal ministers are to be appointed in parliament and sworn to obey the realm's laws.

February 6: John of Ghent, Edward's third son, is born

21: Edward returns from France. He sacks his councilors, blaming them for his failures in France.

March
April
May
June 22: Edward sails for the continent

24: Battle of Sluys

July Edward, despite lacking siege engines, lays siege to Tournai. The siege fails after two months but not before a large French army appears, watches, but refuses to offer battle.
August
September A nine month armistice between France and England is to extend to Acquitaine and Scotland
October Edward recants his agreement with Parliament. He does not call another parliament for two years
November
December

1341

January A dynastic struggle breaks out in Brittany. The French support Jeanne, Count of Blois and niece of the dead duke while the English support John of Montfort, the half-brother of the dead duke. Ironically (or perhaps cynically) each faction supports the opposite basis of the claim of legitimate succession that they hold in the great war over succession to the French throne
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

1342

January The French sack Portsmouth again and threaten Southampton.

Border fighting continues in Acquitaine

February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

1343

January Truce in Brittany

Edward of Woodstock is made Prince of Wales (a place he apparently never visited in his lifetime)

February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

1344

January Edward III defaults on loans from Italian banks, causing two of the largest to go broke. Unsurpringly, his credit with Italian bankers dries up.
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

1345

January Edward III develops a new strategy and attacks on three fronts: Edward doesn't get his part going but Henry of Grosmnont, the Earl of Derby, and Sir Hugh Hastings lead a strike at upper Gascony and Sir Thomas Dagworth leads the offensive in Brittany
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

1346

January
February
March
April
May
June
July Edward launches the third front in Normandy, controlling it after a short campaign, rich in spoils. He then marches for Flanders but is opposed at all river crossings.
August 25: Battle of Crécy
September Edward lays siege to Calais
October 17: At the battle of Neville's Cross, the Scots are defeated and David II is taken prisoner and sent to the Tower of London.
November
December

1347

January 27: at Roche, Sir Thomas Dagworth routs the partisans of Charles de Blois, capturing Charles (Charles is ransomed by the king of France for 25000 gold crowns)
February
March
April
May
June
July Philip VI marches to relieve Calais
August 2: After Edward III refuses a challenge to combat and Philip refusing to lead his army in an attack, the French army decamps. The Calais garrison throws its royal standard in the ditch.

4: siege of Calais ends

September A truce is arranged at the request of Pope Clement VI
October
November
December

1348

January The Black Death breaks out in Marseille
February
March
April
May
June Edward III founds the Order of the Garter at Windsor
July
August
September
October
November
December

1349

January The Black Death is spreading across France.
February
March
April
May
June
July
August The Black Death appears in Dorset
September
October
November
December There is an attempt by treachery to recover Calais for the French, but it fails.
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