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Timeline of the Hundred Years War

Click the name of the decade to go to a more detailed Timeline of the decade chosen.

Major Events

Political Events

Religious Events

Cultural events

Before the War 1066: William I (of Normandy) invades England, defeating Harold at the battle of Hastings

1154: Henry Plantagenet, Duke of Normandy and Acquitaine, ascends the English throne

1325: The War of St. Sardos fought over Edward II's refusal to pay homage

1259: Henry III surrenders his claim to Normandy, Anjou, Maine, Touraine and Poitou, agreeing to hold remaining Plantagenet lands in France by liege homage

1327: Edward III crowned king of England

1328: Philip of Valois crowned king of France

1329: Edward III does simple homage for Acquitaine, but refuses to do liege homage

1303: Benedict XI elected Pope and moves to Avignon c1300-01: First mechanical clock

1321: Dante finishes Divine Comedy

1326: What may be the first cannon is fired by Rinaldo di Villamagna

1330s 1337: Philip VI confiscates the Acquitaine; Edward III claims the throne of France 1334-7: French harass the frontiers of Acquitaine while their privateers cruise the eastern coast of England

1336: English pirates raiding French coast and shipping

c1334: Jean Froissart born
1340s 1340: French navy defeated at Sluys

1346: Battle of Crécy

c1343: Geoffrey Chaucer born
1350s 1350: Philip VI dies; succeeded by John II

1356: Battle of Poitiers. John II captured by Prince Edward of Woodstock

1357: The Lay-Folks Catechism by John Thoresby, Archbishop of York, appears. It is in English verse and is designed to instill a basic knowledge of the faith in the laity.
1360s 1360: Treaty of Bretigny: Acquitaine surrendered to the English

1361: The Great Company (routiers) besieges Avignon

1364: John II dies; succeeded by Charles V

1369: Charles V confiscates Acquitaine; hostilities recommence

1367: Richard of Bordeaux (II) born
1370s 1374, January: at Périgueux, Lancaster and du Gesclin agree to truce in Acquitaine

1375, June: Further truce to last for 2 years and covering all of France

1375-77: a peace council meets in Brussels. Cardinals as negotiators; the Duke of Lancaster and the Duke of Burgundy attend. Territorial compromise is reached but the sovereignty of Guyenne is still unsettled.

1377: Fifty ships of Franco-Castillian fleet carrying 4000 troops cross channel and sack Rye, inland raid to burn Lewes; then sail on to burn Plymouth

1377: Isle of Wight is overrun by French and inhabitants forced to buy them off

1377: Duke of Anjou and Constable invade Guyenne

1377, August: French fleet returns and burns Hastings; beaten off at Southampton and Poole. Uproar in England

1379: Lord Neville of Raby, Lieutenant, arrives in Bordeaux, raids in style of the French, sails up the Gironde and recaptures Mortagne. Said to have retaken over 80 towns in his lieutenancy, which lasts hardly more than a year

Count Louis de Male begins war against the weavers of Ghent

1376, April 28: The Good Parliament assembled

July 6 or 10: The Good Parliament terminated

1377, January 27: Parliament convened. First poll tax granted (4p on everyone above the age of 14): extremely unpopular

1377, June 21 Edward III dies of a stroke

1377, June 22: Coronation of Richard of Bordeaux; Minority council appointed

1379: Graduated poll tax in England

1378: Urban VI elected pope in Rome and Clement VII installed in Avignon at invitation of Charles V; the Great Schism has begun
1380s 1381: Peasants' Revolt 1382: in January: Richard II marries Anne of Bohemia 1387: Chaucer writes Canterbury Tales
1390s 1399: Richard II abdicates the throne of England
1400s 1400-05: Owen Glen Dwr rises against English rule in Wales 1400: Geoffrey Chaucer dies

1405: Jean Froissart dies

c1412: Joan of Arc born

1410s 1415: Battle of Agincourt 1417: The great Papal Schism ends with the General Council of the Church at Constance; Martin V becomes the single pope
1420s 1420: Treaty of Troyes; on June 2 Henry V marries Catherine Valois
1430s 1431: Joan of Arc burned at the stake
1450s 1453, July: Battle of Castillon, last battle of the war

1453: Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople

1455: "The War of the Roses," an English civil war, begins

1454: Johannes Gutenberg perfects his movable type printing press

After the War 1475: Edward IV invades France in alliance with the Duke of Burgundy 1470: Sir Thomas Mallory's Le Morte d'Arthur

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